Kinetic Metallization: Gas Turbine Engine Coatings

KM Benefits vs HVOF
  • Low Temperature
  • Low Cost
  • Highly Directed
  • Environmentally Safe
  • No Soundproofing
  • No Grit Blasting
  • No Explosive Gas

KM MCrAlY Characteristics
  • Near Zero Porosity
  • High Adhesion Strength
  • High Oxidation Resistance
  • Low Thermal Flux
  • No Segregation

GTE Coatings

Higher turbine combustion temperatures are desirable for increased engine efficiency and environmental reasons (reduction in pollutant emissions, particularly NOx). High temperatures also place severe demands on the physical and chemical properties of the desired basic materials used in turbine fabrication.

MCrAlY coatings are widely utilized in the first and second stage turbine blades and nozzle guide vanes. Operating temperatures of gas turbine components are limited by the high temperature operating properties of the component materials. Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are used in order to reduce heat flow into the components, which prevents structural components from overheating and increases operating temperatures. Thermal barrier coatings are typically comprised of an insulating ceramic layer which is bonded to an MCrAlY coating which is resistant to oxidation. These thermal barriers usually fail as a result of a loss of ceramic due to impact, oxidation, or spallation under thermal cycling.

The Kinetic Metallization process’ edge in applying MCrAlY (M = Co, Ni, or Co/Ni) lies in its ability to deposit completely dense coatings and a secure metallurgical bond without having to employ a high-temperature heat treatment in a vacuum. Additionally, Inovati’s low temperature deposition process reduces precipitation and segregation of the coating constituents, which results in a more homogeneous and durable protective surface. KM minimizes the need for masking due to being a near-line-of-sight process, which saves labor and increases throughput. The KM process does not use hazardous or flammable gases, only inert helium gas.

Kinetic Metallization MCrAlY coatings are superior in quality to those produced by HVOF and LPPS in that KM coatings are subject to minimal oxidation during deposition, while at the same time bypassing the need for the expensive processes and equipment required by these other coating methods. Kinetic Metallization is being used to coat critical surfaces such as rocket nozzles because of its superior properties.